Primary Caregivers

Frontotemporal Dementia

Definition

Frontotemporal Dementia (FTD) is a degenerative condition of the front (anterior) part of the brain. It differs from other causes of dementia such as Alzheimer’s, Lewy Body and Creutzfeldt Jakob’s diseases. FTD is currently understood as a clinical syndrome that groups together Pick's disease, primary progressive aphasia and semantic dementia. The areas of the brain affected by FTD—the frontal and anterior temporal lobes—control reasoning, personality, movement, speech, social graces, language and some aspects of memory.

Hypoxic-Anoxic Brain Injury

Introduction and Definition

The brain requires a constant flow of oxygen to function normally. A hypoxic-anoxic injury, also known as HAI, occurs when that flow is disrupted, essentially starving the brain and preventing it from performing vital biochemical processes. Hypoxic refers to a partial lack of oxygen; anoxic means a total lack. In general, the more complete the deprivation, the more severe the harm to the brain and the greater the consequences.

Huntington's Disease

Definition

Huntington’s Disease (HD), also called Huntington’s chorea, is an inherited brain disorder that results in loss of physical control and mental capacity. Symptoms typically appear between the ages of 30 and 50, but may appear earlier or later. HD is characterized by progressive physical, cognitive and psychological deterioration.

Traumatic Brain Injury

Introduction

Each year, an estimated 2.5 million people in the U.S. sustain a traumatic brain injury. The impact on their families and caregivers is immense. This fact sheet discusses traumatic brain injury (TBI) and its consequences, and provides information about the helpful resources available to families caring for a loved one affected by TBI.

 

Holding a Family Meeting

When taking care of an elderly parent or another relative, family members need to work cooperatively. The more people participating in care, the less alone a caregiver feels in his/her role. Books and articles about caregiving often mention the family meeting as a way to facilitate this process. But how does one go about having such a meeting?

Brain Tumor

Introduction

A brain tumor is a collection of damaged cells that multiply out of control within the brain. Also called a neoplasm, growth, mass or lesion, a brain tumor is classified as either primary or secondary (metastatic), and can be benign or malignant.

Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)

What is ALS?

¿Es una demencia? ¿Que significa ese diagnóstico? (Is this Dementia and What Does it Mean?)

Introducción

¿Qué quiere decir el diagnóstico de demencia? Para algunas personas, esta palabra provoca temibles imágenes de conducta "loca" y descontrolada. En realidad, la palabra "demencia" describe un grupo de síntomas entre los cuales están: la pérdida de la memoria a corto plazo, la confusión, la incapacidad para resolver problemas, la incapacidad para ejecutar tareas complejas como cocinar o llevar las cuentas de gastos y, a veces, alteraciones de la personalidad o comportamientos inusuales.

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La Apoplejia o Derrame Cerebral (Stroke)

Definición

Un derrame cerebral es una lesión cerebral, que se produce cuando se interrumpe o se reduce ampliamente el riego sanguíneo del cerebro; éste se queda sin oxígeno ni nutrientes y, en cuestión de minutos, comienzan a morir las células cerebrales. Por lo tanto, un derrame cerebral se considera una emergencia médica y requiere que se lo diagnostique y se lo trate sin demora.

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