Primary Caregivers

Hypoxic-Anoxic Brain Injury

Introduction and Definition

The brain requires a constant flow of oxygen to function normally. A hypoxic-anoxic injury, also known as HAI, occurs when that flow is disrupted, essentially starving the brain and preventing it from performing vital biochemical processes. Hypoxic refers to a partial lack of oxygen; anoxic means a total lack. In general, the more complete the deprivation, the more severe the harm to the brain and the greater the consequences.

Huntington's Disease

Definition

Huntington’s Disease (HD), also called Huntington’s chorea, is an inherited brain disorder that results in loss of physical control and mental capacity. Symptoms typically appear between the ages of 30 and 50, but may appear earlier or later. HD is characterized by progressive physical, cognitive, and psychological deterioration.

 

Stroke

Definition

A stroke is an injury to the brain caused when the brain's blood supply is interrupted or greatly reduced. The brain is deprived of oxygen and nutrients, and brain cells begin to die within minutes. For that reason, a stroke is considered a medical emergency and requires prompt diagnosis and treatment.

 

Parkinson’s Disease and Caregiving

What Is Parkinson’s Disease?

Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a progressive, neurological disease that mainly affects movement but can also affect cognition. Parkinson’s disease results from the destruction of nerve cells in a part of the brain called the basal ganglia.

Dementia with Lewy Bodies

Definition

Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)

What Is ALS?

California’s Caregiver Resource Centers

Every year, California's 11 nonprofit Caregiver Resource Centers (CRCs), serve more than 14,000 families and caregivers of adults affected by chronic and debilitating health conditions including dementia, Alzheimer's disease, cerebrovascular diseases (such as stroke or aneurysms), degenerative diseases such as Parkinson's, Huntington's and multiple sclerosis, or traumatic brain injury (TBI), among many others.

El cuidado del paciente (Caregiving)

Se estima que entre un 19 y un 22% de las familias de Estados Unidos cuidan de un adulto con trastornos cognitivos. Los problemas cognitivos se presentan en toda una gama de enfermedades y trastornos como la enfermedad de Alzheimer, la enfermedad de Parkinson, la apoplejía, los traumatismos craneales y la demencia provocada por el SIDA. Aunque cada enfermedad tiene sus características peculiares, los familiares y cuidadores suelen compartir problemas, situaciones y estrategias comunes, independientemente del diagnóstico específico.

Programs and Services Overview

FCA's work intersects three key areas: caregiver services, policy, and research. But across all agency programs, the services and products developed and delivered are based on real needs of real caregivers — those families we hear from and work with every day. Specific business lines include:

¿Es una demencia? ¿Que significa ese diagnóstico? (Is this Dementia and What Does it Mean?)

Introducción

¿Qué quiere decir el diagnóstico de demencia? Para algunas personas, esta palabra provoca temibles imágenes de conducta "loca" y descontrolada. En realidad, la palabra "demencia" describe un grupo de síntomas entre los cuales están: la pérdida de la memoria a corto plazo, la confusión, la incapacidad para resolver problemas, la incapacidad para ejecutar tareas complejas como cocinar o llevar las cuentas de gastos y, a veces, alteraciones de la personalidad o comportamientos inusuales.

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