Dementia

阿尔茨海默氏病和看护 (Alzheimer’s Disease and Caregiving)

概述

阿尔茨海默氏病 (Alzheimer’s disease, AD) 是一种可引起大脑异常变化的疾病,主要影响记忆和其他心智能力。阿尔茨海默氏病是一种疾病,并非自然衰老的正常表现。记忆丧失是常见的首发症状。随着病情的发展,推理能力、语言能力、决策能力、判断力和其他关键技能逐步丧失,使得在没有他人(通常来说是家庭成员或朋友)帮助的情况下无法进行日常生活。个性和行为有时会发生不易相处的改变,但这并非必然会出现的症状。

阿尔茨海默氏病对被诊断为 AD 的人和那些承担看护责任的人都构成了真正的挑战,但这并不意味着不再有欢声笑语、亲朋相伴的时刻。AD 通常会有一个缓慢的发病进程,因而人们也就有时间适应诊断、提前规划、共度有品质的时光。

有近 1500 万的美国人为患有阿尔茨海默氏病或其他痴呆症的人提供无偿护理服务(阿尔茨海默氏病协会 (Alzheimer’s Association) 2011 年事实与数字)。阿洛伊斯·阿尔茨海默 (Alois Alzheimer) 博士是一位德国精神病学家和神经病理学家,他在 1907 年发现了首次发表的“早老性痴呆”病例,这一疾病现在被称为阿尔茨海默氏病。

看护者理解腦退化症行为的指南 (Caregiver’s Guide to Understanding Dementia Behaviors)

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Bệnh Alzheimer và Chăm Sóc (Alzheimer’s Disease and Caregiving)

Tổng quan

Safe at Home: 3. Kitchen Safety

Consider these daily kitchen situations and learn how to make the kitchen a safer space for someone with dementia.

Note: This information is not meant to replace the advice from a medical professional. You should consult your health care provider regarding specific medical concerns or treatment.

Safe At Home: 5. Bedroom Safety

Consider these daily bedroom situations and learn how to make the bedroom a safer space for someone with dementia.

Note: This information is not meant to replace the advice from a medical professional. You should consult your health care provider regarding specific medical concerns or treatment.
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Safe At Home: 4. Bathroom Safety

Consider these daily bathroom situations and learn how to make the bathroom a safer space for someone with dementia.

6. Behavioral Issues (Caregiver College Video Series)

One of the biggest challenges a caregiver can face is changes to a loved one's behavior. Learn how to best approach these behavioral issues for your care recipient.

3. Dental Care (Caregiver College Video Series)

Dental and oral care are important at any age to prevent against a variety of health problems. Learn how to assist as a caregiver in daily cleaning and routine check-ups. 

Note: This information is not meant to replace the advice from a medical professional. You should consult your health care provider regarding specific medical concerns or treatment.

Guía del Cuidador para Entender los Comportamientos Relacionados con la Demencia

Introducción

Bathing (for dementia)

  • People with dementia are often resistant to bathing. They will claim they just showered, or that they will do it later, or outright refuse to bathe. Unless someone is incontinent, daily bathing is not necessary. Pick your battles—once or twice a week may be sufficient. Coupling bathing with an activity is sometimes helpful, e.g. going to the doctor or out to lunch or having a bowl of ice cream.

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