Fact Sheets

Demencia (Dementia)

Definición

En la comunidad médica se emplea el término de "demencia" para describir a los pacientes con trastornos de la capacidad intelectual. Los pacientes de demencia también pueden clasificarse según padezcan de demencia "presenil" o "senil", "síndrome cerebral orgánico" o "crónico", "arteriosclerosis" o "atrofia cerebral". Es importante señalar que la demencia no es una dolencia normal del proceso de envejecimiento. Los trastornos de demencia son provocados por procesos patológicos anormales y pueden afectar tanto a las personas jóvenes como a los ancianos.

阿尔茨海默氏病 (Alzheimer's Disease - Chinese)

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中风 (Stroke - Chinese)

The following Fact Sheet is available as downloadable PDF document. To view and print this file you will need Adobe Acrobat Reader. It is available as a free download by clicking here.

Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome

Definition

Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome (WKS) is a neurological disorder. Wernicke’s Encephalopathy and Korsakoff’s Psychosis are the acute and chronic phases, respectively, of the same disease.

El cuidado del paciente (Caregiving)

Se estima que entre un 19 y un 22% de las familias de Estados Unidos cuidan de un adulto con trastornos cognitivos. Los problemas cognitivos se presentan en toda una gama de enfermedades y trastornos como la enfermedad de Alzheimer, la enfermedad de Parkinson, la apoplejía, los traumatismos craneales y la demencia provocada por el SIDA. Aunque cada enfermedad tiene sus características peculiares, los familiares y cuidadores suelen compartir problemas, situaciones y estrategias comunes, independientemente del diagnóstico específico.

Dementia with Lewy Bodies

Definition

Dementia with Lewy Bodies (DLB) is a progressive degenerative disease or syndrome of the brain. It shares symptoms,and sometimes overlaps, with several diseases, especially Alzheimer's and Parkinson's.

Frontotemporal Dementia

Definition

Frontotemporal Dementia (FTD) is a degenerative condition of the front (anterior) part of the brain. It differs from other causes of dementia such as Alzheimer’s, Lewy Body and Creutzfeldt Jakob’s diseases. FTD is currently understood as a clinical syndrome that groups together Pick's disease, primary progressive aphasia and semantic dementia. The areas of the brain affected by FTD—the frontal and anterior temporal lobes—control reasoning, personality, movement, speech, social graces, language and some aspects of memory.

Hypoxic-Anoxic Brain Injury

Introduction and Definition

The brain requires a constant flow of oxygen to function normally. A hypoxic-anoxic injury, also known as HAI, occurs when that flow is disrupted, essentially starving the brain and preventing it from performing vital biochemical processes. Hypoxic refers to a partial lack of oxygen; anoxic means a total lack. In general, the more complete the deprivation, the more severe the harm to the brain and the greater the consequences.

Traumatic Brain Injury

Introduction

Each year, an estimated 2.5 million people in the U.S. sustain a traumatic brain injury. The impact on their families and caregivers is immense. This fact sheet discusses traumatic brain injury (TBI) and its consequences, and provides information about the helpful resources available to families caring for a loved one affected by TBI.

 

Brain Tumor

Introduction

A brain tumor is a collection of damaged cells that multiply out of control within the brain. Also called a neoplasm, growth, mass or lesion, a brain tumor is classified as either primary or secondary (metastatic), and can be benign or malignant.

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