Tip Sheet

照顾好自己的指南 (A Guide to Taking Care of Yourself)

“对自己的关爱就是给亲人的关爱,”一位看护者说。对于看护者而言,说起来最容易而接受起来最艰难的事情莫过于照顾好自己的建议。通常除了每天早晨等着您的护理任务,很难再去想其他事情。

多项研究表明看护有损健康。约有 60% 的看护者表现出临床抑郁症的症状,并且看护者比其同龄人服用更多的处方药,包括治疗焦虑和抑郁的药物。不愿请求和接受帮助是获得必要的暂时休息和支持的主要障碍。当需要更换尿布时,谁有时间去考虑休息?在美国,有百分之七十五的看护者是女性。其中,一些人照顾配偶/伴侣,一些成年子女照顾父母,一些父母照顾成年子女。照顾好自己是什么意思?为什么这么难做?您是怎么做的?

 

支持

支持和应对有许多形式——祈祷,与家人、朋友或专业人员交谈,接受别人提供的帮助,散步,读书,吃热巧克力圣代。但是大多数看护者最终会离开朋友和家人,感到孤立,好像没有人理解。支持团体可以成为理解和交流的重要来源。

 

Lời Khuyên về Nghỉ Ngơi: Tạm Nghỉ Trong Thời Gian Chăm Sóc Ai Đó (Respite Tips: Taking a Break From Giving Care to Someone in Need)

Nghỉ ngơi đến từ

  • Thời gian và sự hỗ trợ từ người nhà hoặc bạn bè
  • Người giúp việc tại nhà chuyên nghiệp (có trả công)
  • Dịch Vụ Chăm Sóc Sức Khỏe Người Lớn Trong Ngày
  • Việc tạm thời gửi vào một trung tâm chăm sóc có hỗ trợ

Respite Tips: Taking a Break From Giving Care to Someone in Need

Sources of Respite

  • Time and assistance from family or friends
  • Professional (paid) in-home help
  • Adult Day Health Care
  • Temporary placement outside the home in an assisted care residence
  • For Veterans: Up to 30 days of respite care per year is available to enrolled Veterans as determined by the Veteran’s treatment team. You can talk with the Veteran's Patient Aligned Care Team (PACT) social worker, case manager, or the Caregiver Support Coordinator (CSC) for more information about what respite options exist in your area.

Residential Care Options: Visiting Someone in Dementia Care

When someone has just moved into a dementia community

  • During the first two weeks, visit often and stay as long as you want.
    • If the facility has a policy of not allowing visitors for the first two weeks during the adjustment period, consider whether this is the right facility for you.
       
  • Announce yourself to your loved one: “Hi mom, it’s me, Susan.”
     
  • Introduce yourself to the staff.
     
  • Bring favorite foods. Decorate the room with familiar objects.

Residential Care Options: Caregiving Doesn't End When Your Loved One Moves

After your loved one moves to a facility, what happens? What is your role as a caregiver? How often should you visit? How can you best help your loved one adjust to their new living environment? How do you cope with your feelings about the move? Here are some tips to help you answer these questions and more.

Residential Care Options: Choosing the Right Place

What should you think about and do as you explore different residential care options? First, keep your own needs in mind as well as the needs of your loved one. Before visiting facilities, see the FCA Tip Sheet, Residential Care Options: The Right Time. Be sure you are ready for this decision—it will make it easier for you to look at all options with an open mind. There are many checklists and guides to help you evaluate care facilities. A few are listed at the end of this Tip Sheet.

 

Residential Care Options: Housing Options

Choosing the right place for a loved one to live, if not at home can be challenging. The options available depend on the kind of care that is needed, your loved one’s personal preferences, and finances. All facilities require a TB skin test and medical form completed by the doctor before admission.

Residential Care Options: The Right Time

Most caregivers are committed to keeping a frail or ill loved one at home as long as possible. Maybe they promised not to put the care receiver in a “nursing home”—the worst fear of many adults living with a debilitating illness. But there are many reasons why moving to residential care outside the home is not only necessary, but also the right thing to do. It is, however, a very difficult decision. Caregivers often struggle to care for a care receiver, waiting too long and compromising their own physical and emotional well-being, making the move even harder.

Residential Care Options: Five Tip Sheets

The fact sheet Residential Care Options is now available in five accessible FCA Tip Sheets. Click to view each of the following:

Behavior Issues

Individuals with dementia or other conditions may exhibit confusing or challenging behaviors at times. Here are tips and guidance for handling common concerns to help caregivers better understand what their loved ones may be feeling or trying to communicate.

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